Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 273-274

Fine needle aspiration cytology of vulvar actinomycosis masquerading clinically as malignancy

Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Akola, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Rahul Parasram Wanjari
Opposite of Sai Mandir, Takiya Ward, Bhandara - 441 904, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.171250

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Actinomycosis is a chronic infection caused by Actinomyces israelii, usually seen in immunocompromised patients or in the background of tissue injury. Vulvar actinomycosis presenting as a fixed swelling in an elderly individual can mimic malignancy and pose a diagnostic dilemma. We report here a case of vulvar actinomycosis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration (FNA). A 60-year-old postmenopausal female presented with a gradually increasing 15 cm × 10 cm vulvar swelling involving the right mons and right labia majora. The swelling was nodular, fixed, and nonulcerated, with multiple healed and few active discharging sinus tracts draining serosanguineous fluid and yellowish sulfur granules. FNA was diagnostic, as it revealed colonies of Actinomyces surrounded by polymorphs. Histopathology of excised specimen confirmed the cytological findings. FNA is an effective tool in the diagnosis of actinomycosis, although, its documentation is rare. Difficulties in the management can be avoided by early diagnosis using the FNA technique.

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