Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 197-199

Primary breast actinomyces simulating malignancy: A case diagnosed by fine-needle aspiration cytology

Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Renu Thambi
Assistant professor, Department of Pathology, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.101173

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We report a case of primary actinomycosis of breast diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in a postmenopausal lady who presented with a clinical impression of malignancy. Resolution of infection while conserving the breast was achieved by timely diagnosis and effective antibiotic therapy. The literature reports that primary actinomycosis of the breast is very rare after menopause, with only very few cases found after extensive search. It is imperative that this condition should be considered in the differential diagnosis of malignancy. The effectiveness of cell block sections in the final diagnosis is also highlighted.

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