Journal of Cytology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2001  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 163-166

Cervical cytology in postmenopausal women


1 Senior Research Officer, Department of Cytopathology, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology(ICMR), Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, New Delhi - 110 002, India
2 Deputy Director, Department of Cytopathology, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology(ICMR), Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, New Delhi - 110 002, India
3 Assistant Director, Department of Biostatistics, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology(ICMR), Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, New Delhi - 110 002, India

Correspondence Address:
Veena Kashyap
Senior Research Officer, Dept. of Cytopathology, Institute of Cytology & Preventive Oncology (ICMR) Maulana Azad Medical College Campus, New Delhi - 110 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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The present study was undertaken to report the frequency of lower genital tract infections, precancerous and cancerous lesions of the uterine cervix in postmenopausal women in their sixth decade of life versus premenopausal women in their fifth decade of life. Altogether 25270 pap smears were collected during nine year period, of them 4705 were postmenopausal and 20565 premenopausal. Inadequacy of smears was almost double(12%) in postmenopausal as compared to (5.9%) in premenopausal. Inflammatory changes, specific infections and precancerous lesions were relatively low as 70.3%, 3.2% and 0.45% respectively in postmenopausal, however percentage of malignancy was reported fractionally higher in postmenopausal (1.15%). Cases with atypical cytology (suspicious of malignancy) were three fold higher (0.72%) in postmenopausal women, reasons for these cytological features and findings are discussed.


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