Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-26

Cytopathology practice in Kumasi: A 2-year retrospective audit

1 Department of Pathology, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital/Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
2 Department of Pathology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
3 Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
4 Department of Molecular Medicine, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Correspondence Address:
Osei Owusu-Afriyie
Department of Pathology, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.197593

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Aim: Surgical pathology service is generally unavailable in most developing countries and comes with challenges. Cytopathology is a reliable, inexpensive adjunct to surgical histopathology. We present a retrospective review of the various cytopathology cases received at the department. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 836 cytopathology cases from January 2010 to December 2011 at the Department of Pathology of our hospital was conducted. All cytopathology reports and records from the department were retrieved and analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 16 for windows. Results: A total of 836 (mean age 38.18 ± 22.18) cases were reviewed, at an average of approximately 418 cases performed a year (5.7% of the total workload). More than half (58.0%) of the cases received had no clinical diagnosis indicated on request forms. Seventy-seven percent (77%) of the cases were diagnosed as either definite or nondefinite. The breast was the most aspirated specimen site (20.2%). Benign cases formed 45.0% of all the cases and 29.0% were malignant. There were more benign than malignant cases with respect to all sites aspirated except the breast (18.3%), lymph nodes (35.0%), and soft tissues (11.7%) where the reverse occurred. Conclusion: Patronage of cytopathology in Kumasi is increasing and serves as a quick, cheap, and effective alternate means for diagnosis. Improving and expanding on the current practice will ensure that pathologists in practice sustain and improve diagnostic cytopathology and provide material for training young pathologists.

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