Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 287-289

Lymphangioleiomyomatosis diagnosed by effusion cytology: A case report

Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA

Correspondence Address:
Glorimar Rivera
HC 1 Box 5611 Orocovis, PR 00720
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.171256

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Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare lung disease traditionally affecting women during their childbearing years. It can be sporadic or be associated with tuberous sclerosis syndrome. It is usually manifested in the lungs, kidneys, and/or lymphatic system. It consists of an overgrowth of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells, usually along the bronchovascular structures, resulting in the formation of cysts and the destruction of the lung parenchyma. We present the case of a 43-year-old woman with a history of pleural effusion and dyspnea. A computed tomographic scan revealed a mediastinal mass, chylothorax, and multiple pulmonary cysts. A diagnosis of LAM was rendered on a pleural fluid sample.

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