Journal of Cytology
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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 188-190

Histoplasmosis presenting as isolated cervical lymphadenopathy: A rare presentation

Department of Pathology, The Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical College, Berhampur, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Sindhu Ramamurthy
Department of Pathology, The Maharaja Krishna Chandra Gajapati Medical College, Berhampur - 760 004, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.168855

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Histoplasmosis is an opportunistic fungal infection caused by inhaling the spores of a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. Disseminated histoplasmosis is the most common form associated with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Here, we report a case of histoplasmosis presenting as isolated cervical lymphadenopathy in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patient diagnosed by a less invasive method (fine-needle aspiration cytology) and confirmed by fungal culture of fine-needle aspiration material. Due to varied and nonspecific clinical manifestations of histoplasmosis, most of the infections are misdiagnosed or underreported. It has to be considered in differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopathy, particularly in immunocompromised patients so that patients can be treated medically at an early stage before dissemination occurs and unnecessary surgery can be avoided. Here, we present this case because of its rare presentation as isolated cervical lymphadenopathy and classical cytological picture.

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