Journal of Cytology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 32  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-84

Evaluation of the relationship between fungal infection, neutrophil leukocytes and macrophages in cervicovaginal smears: Light microscopic examination


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, Ankara; Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic, Necmettin Erbakan University, Konya, Turkey
3 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, S?hhiye, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Sayeste Demirezen
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Hacettepe University, Beytepe, Ankara - 06800
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.160544

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Background: Right after opportunistic fungi become pathogenic, they face immune system cells including macrophages and neutrophil leukocytes. Although the relationship between fungi and immune cells are being widely studied by using animal models and culture techniques, cervicovaginal smears have not been used to evaluate this interaction yet. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the interactions between fungal infection, macrophages and neutrophil leukocytes in cervicovaginal smear. Materials and Methods: Papanicolaou-stained cervicovaginal smears from 2307 women, aged between 18 and 73 years, were examined by light microscopy. Periodic acid-Schiff stain was also used to confirm the presence of fungal cell walls. Results: Fungal infections were detected in 239 of 2307 patients (10.4%), and these cases were taken as the study group. Cases without any infectious agents (n = 1800, 78%) were considered as the control group. When the study and control groups were statistically compared in view of macrophages and neutrophil leukocytes, a significant relationship between presence of fungal infection, macrophages and neutrophil leukocytes was detected (P < 0.05). Furthermore, macrophages and neutrophil leukocytes were found to work against the fungal infection together (P < 0.05). Additionally, when the relationship between the existence of yeast or filamentous forms and these immune cells were evaluated, a significant correlation was not found (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Our findings indicate that macrophages and neutrophils may play a determining role in host defense against fungal infection together, but neither yeast nor filamentous forms affect the presence of neutrophil leukocytes and macrophages. As a result of this, both yeast and filamentous forms may have pathogenic effects.


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