Journal of Cytology
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CASE REPORT
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121-123

Fine needle aspiration cytology of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma


Department of Pathology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhishek Sharma
Department of Pathology, Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, West Bengal - 713 104
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-9371.83470

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Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is an aggressive malignant soft tissue tumor that arises from primitive striated muscle cells called rhabdomyoblasts. RMS is a rare tumor in adults, and involvement of the sinonasal area is extremely rare, comprising only 1.5% of all reported head and neck RMSs. Alveolar RMS, mainly seen in adults, has the worst prognosis. Incidence of lymph node metastases is more common in this type compared with the other forms. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) has been used extensively in the diagnosis of metastatic malignancies. However, metastatic soft tissue sarcomas are often overlooked, primarily due to the low frequency with which they occur. Here, we report a rare case of metastatic alveolar RMS in the cervical lymph nodes of an 18-year-old girl that was detected by FNAC. After 6 months, the patient came with a huge mass involving the nasal vestibule and the upper lip. Histology of both the main mass and the lymph nodes revealed alveolar RMS.


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