Journal of Cytology
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 1999  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-91

Needle aspiration cytology of the nerve for the diagnosis of pure neural leprosy


1 Professor & Head, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore - 560 002, India
2 Professor, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore - 560 002, India
3 Post-Graduate Student, Department of Pathology, Bangalore Medical College, Bangalore - 560 002, India

Correspondence Address:
T N Suresh
Post-Graduate in Pathology, Department of Pathology, Victoria Hospital, K.R. Market, Bangalore - 560 002
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Pure neuritic type of leprosy, variously documented as polyneuritic leprosy or primary neuritic leprosy is a well recognised clinical entity. It usually presents with signs and symptoms of nerve deficits without any skin lesion. In the absence of nerve biopsy and immunological test it is difficult to confirm the clinical diagnosis. We performed needle aspiration of enlarged nerve in 12 patients suspected of ha vingpure neural leprosy. In 10 cases smears showed chronic inflammatory cells. Multiple acid fast bacilli were found in 5 cases. Two cases showed acelluiar material and they were negative for AFB. FNAC of nerve can be a valuable diagnostic method in pure neuritic leprosy.


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